Oral drugs used to stimulate ovulation include clomiphene citrate and aromatase inhibitors. While taking these drugs, you will be monitored to see if and when ovulation occurs. This can be done by tracking your menstrual cycle or with an ovulation-predictor kit (an at-home urine test). You may be asked to visit your doctor for a blood test or ultrasound exam.
Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple that has been unsuccessful in efforts to conceive over the course of one full year. When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases.

Laparoscopy. If you've been diagnosed with tubal or pelvic disease, one option is to get surgery to reconstruct your reproductive organs. Your doctor puts a laparoscope through a cut near your belly button to get rid of scar tissue, treat endometriosis, open blocked tubes, or remove ovarian cysts,  which are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries.
Male infertility may be treated with medical, surgical, or assisted reproductive therapies depending on the underlying cause. Medical and surgical therapies are usually managed by an urologist who specializes in infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist may offer intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help overcome male factor infertility.
Numerous health problems could contribute to female infertility. These health problems include; endometriosis, clotting disorders, diabetes, candida, birth defects that affect the reproductive tract, uterine fibroids, anemia, pelvic infection resulting in scarring, pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), thyroid problems, scarring from sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and blocked fallopian tubes.
Women may also sleep with other men in hopes of becoming pregnant.[67] This can be done for many reasons including advice from a traditional healer, or finding if another man was "more compatible". In many cases, the husband was not aware of the extra sexual relations and would not be informed if a woman became pregnant by another man.[67] This is not as culturally acceptable however, and can contribute to the gendered suffering of women who have fewer options to become pregnant on their own as opposed to men.[65]
Male infertility may be treated with medical, surgical, or assisted reproductive therapies depending on the underlying cause. Medical and surgical therapies are usually managed by an urologist who specializes in infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist may offer intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help overcome male factor infertility.
The rise of infertility in men and women today is a sad but real problem. It is quite surprising to know that people are getting into seminars and exploring the web to know how much they have to spend on infertility treatments monthly and annually. The depressing part is that in some cases, even when the patients pay hefty money they still failed by the fertility procedures due to improper cures.
Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple that has been unsuccessful in efforts to conceive over the course of one full year. When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases.
There are often no other outward signs or symptoms of female infertility. If medical problems have been ruled out or if you simply haven’t gotten that far yet, there are a number of options when it comes natural infertility treatment. These approaches are simple, inexpensive and are great ways to promote your overall health too. I highly recommend you try a few or even all of the natural infertility treatment options mentioned above before you panic or even give it another moment’s worry.
Chemotherapy poses a high risk of infertility. Chemotherapies with high risk of infertility include procarbazine and other alkylating drugs such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, busulfan, melphalan, chlorambucil and chlormethine.[19] Drugs with medium risk include doxorubicin and platinum analogs such as cisplatin and carboplatin.[19] On the other hand, therapies with low risk of gonadotoxicity include plant derivatives such as vincristine and vinblastine, antibiotics such as bleomycin and dactinomycin and antimetabolites such as methotrexate, mercaptopurine and 5-fluorouracil.[19]

The effect of infertility can lead to social shaming from internal and social norms surrounding pregnancy, which affects women around the world.[68] When pregnancy is considered such an important event in life, and considered a “socially unacceptable condition”, it can lead to a search for treatment in the form of traditional healers and expensive Western treatments.[65] The limited access to treatment in many areas can lead to extreme and sometimes illegal acts in order to produce a child.[63][65]
Twelve percent of all infertility cases are a result of a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen,[13] in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.[9] Too little body fat causes insufficient production of estrogen and disruption of the menstrual cycle.[9] Both under and overweight women have irregular cycles in which ovulation does not occur or is inadequate.[9] Proper nutrition in early life is also a major factor for later fertility.[14]
Caffeine: Caffeine can cause hormonal imbalances, dehydration and lead to mineral deficiencies. High consumption has been shown to interfere with fertility. Lowering your caffeine or giving it up entirely is a smart idea when you’re trying to get pregnant, especially if you’re having trouble. (5) The American Pregnancy Association says that more than 200 to 300 milligrams of caffeine per day may reduce fertility by 27 percent, so you want to avoid caffeine overdose. (6)
Female infertility by chemotherapy appears to be secondary to premature ovarian failure by loss of primordial follicles.[20] This loss is not necessarily a direct effect of the chemotherapeutic agents, but could be due to an increased rate of growth initiation to replace damaged developing follicles.[20] Antral follicle count decreases after three series of chemotherapy, whereas follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) reaches menopausal levels after four series.[21] Other hormonal changes in chemotherapy include decrease in inhibin B and anti-Müllerian hormone levels.[21]
There are risk factors for infertility, many of which are under your control. One you can’t control is your age, and unfortunately, the older a women gets, the harder it can be to conceive due to a decrease in the quality and quantity of eggs. The other risk factors are all under your control: poor diet, stress, smoking, being overweight, thyroid disorders, heavy alcohol consumption and contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

The hypothalamus is the portion of the brain responsible for sending signals to the pituitary gland, which, in turn, sends hormonal stimuli to the ovaries in the form of FSH and LH to initiate egg maturation.  If the hypothalamus fails to trigger and control this process, immature eggs will result.  This is the cause of ovarian failure in 20% of cases.


Ovulation can be predicted by using an ovulation predictor kit and can be confirmed by a blood test to check the woman’s progesterone level on day 21 of her menstrual cycle. Although several tests exist to evaluate a woman’s ovarian function, no single test is a perfect predictor of fertility. The most commonly used markers of ovarian function include follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value on day 3 to 5 of the menstrual cycle, anti-müllerian hormone value (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) using a transvaginal ultrasound.
Chemotherapy poses a high risk of infertility. Chemotherapies with high risk of infertility include procarbazine and other alkylating drugs such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, busulfan, melphalan, chlorambucil and chlormethine.[19] Drugs with medium risk include doxorubicin and platinum analogs such as cisplatin and carboplatin.[19] On the other hand, therapies with low risk of gonadotoxicity include plant derivatives such as vincristine and vinblastine, antibiotics such as bleomycin and dactinomycin and antimetabolites such as methotrexate, mercaptopurine and 5-fluorouracil.[19]

Improper function of the hypothalamus and pituitary glands. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain produce hormones that maintain normal ovarian function. Production of too much of the hormone prolactin by the pituitary gland (often as the result of a benign pituitary gland tumor), or improper function of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, may cause a woman not to ovulate.
Fennel seeds have a high medicinal value which makes it a great remedy for numerous ailments. It is also useful in improving fertility, especially in heavy-set women. Furthermore, fennel supports conception and helps in maintaining it. All you have to do is take 6 grams of powdered fennel seeds and mix it with 12 grams of butter. Consume this mixture every day for at least 3 months to see positive results.
A deficiency of vitamin D not only causes infertility but could also lead to a miscarriage. Therefore, it is important to maintain adequate levels of vitamin D in your body. This can be done by exposing yourself to the morning sunlight for 10-12 minutes every day. This exposure to morning sunlight would help your body to produce this vitamin. You may also consume foods that are high in vitamin D such as eggs yolk, salmon, and cheese.

A woman's fertility is affected by her age. The average age of a girl's first period (menarche) is 12–13 (12.5 years in the United States,[4] 12.72 in Canada,[5] 12.9 in the UK[6]), but, in postmenarchal girls, about 80% of the cycles are anovulatory in the first year after menarche, 50% in the third and 10% in the sixth year.[7] A woman's fertility peaks in the early and mid 20s, after which it starts to decline, with this decline being accelerated after age 35. However, the exact estimates of the chances of a woman to conceive after a certain age are not clear, with research giving differing results. The chances of a couple to successfully conceive at an advanced age depend on many factors, including the general health of a woman and the fertility of the male partner.
Fennel is another perfect answer to your infertility. We are familiar with benefits of fennel seeds in treating some health issues thanks to containing antioxidants and phytonutrients. It is good at improving digestive system, treating respiratory problems, controlling diabetes, etc. Its effectiveness in treating infertility has been approved in scientific field. It has been shown that it is its estrogenic power that encourages fertility as well as prevents the risk of miscarriage.
Tobacco smoking is harmful to the ovaries, and the degree of damage is dependent upon the amount and length of time a woman smokes or is exposed to a smoke-filled environment. Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in cigarettes interfere with the body’s ability to create estrogen, a hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium.[8] Some damage is irreversible, but stopping smoking can prevent further damage.[9][10] Smokers are 60% more likely to be infertile than non-smokers.[11] Smoking reduces the chances of IVF producing a live birth by 34% and increases the risk of an IVF pregnancy miscarrying by 30%.[11] Also, female smokers have an earlier onset of menopause by approximately 1–4 years.[12]
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