Letrozole (Femara ®*) is a medication that is frequently used off-label to cause ovulation. It works by temporarily lowering a woman’s progesterone level, which causes the brain to naturally make more FSH. It is often used to induce ovulation in woman with PCOS, and in women with normal ovulation to increase the number of mature eggs produced in the ovaries.
Tobacco smoking is harmful to the ovaries, and the degree of damage is dependent upon the amount and length of time a woman smokes or is exposed to a smoke-filled environment. Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in cigarettes interfere with the body’s ability to create estrogen, a hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium. Some damage is irreversible, but stopping smoking can prevent further damage. Smokers are 60% more likely to be infertile than non-smokers. Smoking reduces the chances of IVF producing a live birth by 34% and increases the risk of an IVF pregnancy miscarrying by 30%. Also, female smokers have an earlier onset of menopause by approximately 1–4 years.
When you are born, your ovaries contain hundreds of thousands of immature eggs. Your ovaries house these eggs in tiny follicles. When these eggs are released, you have a chance of becoming pregnant. Ovulation disorders, ovarian cysts and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can affect this process and prevent pregnancy. Fertility drugs, surgeries, and other fertility treatments may help. But what if these treatments fail? Women with abnormal ovulation may be able to get pregnant one day with help from an artificial ovary. This artificial ovary will house tiny eggs, taking them from the early follicular stage to maturity, helping women conceive.
Folic acid is a micronutrient that helps in conception. It also promotes the development of the fetus and is, therefore, should be taken throughout pregnancy. Include foods rich in folic acids such as leafy vegetables, broccoli, avocado, raisins, lentils and beans in your diet on a regular basis. Folic acid supplements may also be taken after consulting a doctor.
Chemotherapy poses a high risk of infertility. Chemotherapies with high risk of infertility include procarbazine and other alkylating drugs such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, busulfan, melphalan, chlorambucil and chlormethine. Drugs with medium risk include doxorubicin and platinum analogs such as cisplatin and carboplatin. On the other hand, therapies with low risk of gonadotoxicity include plant derivatives such as vincristine and vinblastine, antibiotics such as bleomycin and dactinomycin and antimetabolites such as methotrexate, mercaptopurine and 5-fluorouracil.
Female infertility refers to infertility in women. It affects an estimated 48 million women, with the highest prevalence of infertility affecting people in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa/Middle East, and Central/Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Infertility is caused by many sources, including nutrition, diseases, and other malformations of the uterus. Infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies.
In general, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant (conceive) after one year (or longer) of unprotected sex. Because fertility in women is known to decline steadily with age, some providers evaluate and treat women aged 35 years or older after 6 months of unprotected sex. Women with infertility should consider making an appointment with a reproductive endocrinologist—a doctor who specializes in managing infertility. Reproductive endocrinologists may also be able to help women with recurrent pregnancy loss, defined as having two or more spontaneous miscarriages.
Psychological infertility (asexuality) in women: A woman who psychologically doesn’t accept the fact that she is a woman or she should become a mother is asexual. While this may not be infertility entirely but apparently it is. Such women experience miscarriages repeatedly. It is essential for the mind and body to work in synchronization and only then harmony exists within the body.
Our bodies are created to eat healthy and be active each and every day, but so many of us don’t even come close to this normal existence. If you want to become pregnant, it’s vital, yet often overlooked, to engage in regular exercise in order to get your hormones in proper order — or in other words balanced. From the release of the egg to the condition of the sperm and its ability to reach and fertilize the egg, hormones play a role in just about every process when it comes to conception.
Artificial insemination (AI) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are other popular female infertility treatments. Insemination is used in a variety of common situations, like when your partner’s sperm isn’t able to fertilize your egg. Artificial insemination is less expensive than other high-tech types of female infertility treatment, and the success rates are quite high.
Tubal disease affects approximately 25% of infertile couples and varies widely, ranging from mild adhesions to complete tubal blockage. Treatment for tubal disease is most commonly surgery and, owing to the advances in microsurgery and lasers, success rates (defined as the number of women who become pregnant within one year of surgery) are as high as 30% overall,
A review from 2010 concluded that overweight and obese subfertile women have a reduced probability of successful fertility treatment and their pregnancies are associated with more complications and higher costs. In hypothetical groups of 1,000 women undergoing fertility care, the study counted approximately 800 live births for normal weight and 690 live births for overweight and obese anovulatory women. For ovulatory women, the study counted approximately 700 live births for normal weight, 550 live births for overweight and 530 live births for obese women. The increase in cost per live birth in anovulatory overweight and obese women were, respectively, 54 and 100% higher than their normal weight counterparts, for ovulatory women they were 44 and 70% higher, respectively.
The therapeutic nature of apple cider vinegar alkalizes the body and helps in maintaining an alkaline pH in the body. This makes conceiving easy. It also aids in balancing hormones to improve your fertility. Take a glass of water and add about two teaspoons of ACV to it. Mix well and add a little amount of honey to it. Consume it two times every day. You may also add ACV to your bath water and soak yourself in it for half an hour every day.
Women may also sleep with other men in hopes of becoming pregnant. This can be done for many reasons including advice from a traditional healer, or finding if another man was "more compatible". In many cases, the husband was not aware of the extra sexual relations and would not be informed if a woman became pregnant by another man. This is not as culturally acceptable however, and can contribute to the gendered suffering of women who have fewer options to become pregnant on their own as opposed to men.
Infertility is the incompetence to get pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse. Both male and female can be responsible for infertility. Talking about infertility in women, female infertility treatment is vital for them who are trying to get pregnant but are still unsuccessful despite for more than a year of unprotected intercourse. Therefore it is vital for couples to seek proper medical assistance.
2 of the most crucial minerals to increase the chances of fertility in women are magnesium and calcium. These two minerals are present in abundant amounts in red clove. Intake of red clove nourishes the uterus and helps in relaxing the women’s nervous system as well. It also supports the improvement of endocrine function inside women’s body making it easier to get her pregnant.