The technique involves very precise maneuvers to pick a single live sperm and inject it directly into the center of a human egg. The procedure requires that the female partner undergo ovarian stimulation with fertility medications so several mature eggs develop. These eggs are suctioned through the vagina, using vaginal ultrasound, and incubated under precise conditions in the embryology lab.

The prevalence of female infertility in the Latin America/Caribbean region is typically lower than the global prevalence. However, the greatest rates occurred in Jamaica, Suriname, Haiti, and Trinidad and Tobago. Central and Western Latin America has some of the lowest rates of prevalence.[2] The highest regions in Latin America and the Caribbean was in the Caribbean Islands and in less developed countries.[59]
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most commonly used type of ART. This female infertility treatment has a pregnancy success rate similar to the rates of couples trying to get pregnant without assistance. If your doctor recommends in vitro fertilization as female infertility treatment, read more about this procedure so you fully understand the amazing process.
Hypothalamic dysfunction. Two hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for stimulating ovulation each month — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt production of these hormones and affect ovulation. Irregular or absent periods are the most common signs.

Men in some countries may find another wife when their first cannot produce a child, hoping that by sleeping with more women he will be able to produce his own child.[63][65][66] This can be prevalent in some societies, including Cameroon,[63][66] Nigeria,[63] Mozambique,[67] Egypt,[65] Botswana,[69] and Bangladesh,[66] among many more where polygamy is more common and more socially acceptable.
Pregnancy and birthing come easily for many women, while others struggle to conceive. Acquired and inborn health conditions can affect your reproductive organs and are common causes of infertility. Fertility problems related to your ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus can be troubling, but help is often available. If you have health issues with your reproductive system, ask your doctor about infertility treatments that might help you conceive.

Any woman wishes to be a mother in their lives. However, there are some unlucky women who are difficult to be pregnant or they suffer from miscarriage many times. They fall in a problem which is called female infertility. Female infertility is defined as a situation in which a woman is unable or is difficult to conceive a baby after at least a year of regular intercourse without using any protective methods.


What is infertility? Primary, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year. Secondary infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant or to carry a pregnancy to term following the birth of one or more biological children. There can be many causes of infertility, including poor nutrition, emotional stress, sexually transmitted diseases, thyroid disorders, candida, medical conditions, eating disorders, excessive exercise, obesity, and hormonal problems.
There are so many factors that contribute to infertility. Fertility drugs, artificial hormones, etc. can solve the problem, but these solutions can also make them even worse and challenging. For couples, struggling with infertility can be agonizing. To decrease the risk of fertility, increase your chances of having a baby by the above home remedies.
Treating or preventing existing diseases. Identifying and controlling chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism increases fertility prospects. Lifelong practice of safer sex reduces the likelihood that sexually transmitted diseases will impair fertility; obtaining prompt treatment for sexually transmitted diseases reduces the likelihood that such infections will do significant damage. Regular physical examinations (including pap smears) help detect early signs of infections or abnormalities.
Men in some countries may find another wife when their first cannot produce a child, hoping that by sleeping with more women he will be able to produce his own child.[63][65][66] This can be prevalent in some societies, including Cameroon,[63][66] Nigeria,[63] Mozambique,[67] Egypt,[65] Botswana,[69] and Bangladesh,[66] among many more where polygamy is more common and more socially acceptable.
Hypothalamic dysfunction. Two hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for stimulating ovulation each month — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Excess physical or emotional stress, a very high or very low body weight, or a recent substantial weight gain or loss can disrupt production of these hormones and affect ovulation. Irregular or absent periods are the most common signs.
In many cases, a woman who cannot bear children is excluded from social and cultural events including traditional ceremonies. This stigmatization is seen in Mozambique and Nigeria where infertile women have been treated as outcasts to society.[63] This is a humiliating practice which devalues infertile women in society.[67][68] In the Makua tradition, pregnancy and birth are considered major life events for a woman, with the ceremonies of nthaa´ra and ntha´ara no mwana, which can only be attended by women who have been pregnant and have had a baby.[67]
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Raspberry leaves can aid you in treating infertility. The leaves are full of tannins, flavonoids. Containing a high amount of calcium, it is good at keeping your uterus in a good condition, facilitating your chance of being pregnant. Furthermore, these leaves are full of antioxidants. All these allow raspberry leaves bring health benefits, such as easing inflammation, boosting the immune system, reducing digestive problems, etc. It is especially effective in improving fertility. It is because these leaves are useful in balancing your hormone and facilitating a woman to be pregnant.
Improper function of the hypothalamus and pituitary glands. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain produce hormones that maintain normal ovarian function. Production of too much of the hormone prolactin by the pituitary gland (often as the result of a benign pituitary gland tumor), or improper function of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, may cause a woman not to ovulate.
A few yoga postures that help promote fertility include Nadi Shodhan Pranayama (Alternate Nostril Breathing), Bhramari Pranayama (Bee Breath), Paschimottanasana (Seated Forward Bend), Hastapadasana (Standing Forward Bend), Janu Sirasana (Head-to-Knee Pose), Badha Konasana (Butterfly Pose), Viparita Karani (Legs-up-the-Wall Pose) and Yoga Nidra (Yogic Sleep).

Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple that has been unsuccessful in efforts to conceive over the course of one full year. When the cause of infertility exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility cases.
Ovulation can be predicted by using an ovulation predictor kit and can be confirmed by a blood test to check the woman’s progesterone level on day 21 of her menstrual cycle. Although several tests exist to evaluate a woman’s ovarian function, no single test is a perfect predictor of fertility. The most commonly used markers of ovarian function include follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value on day 3 to 5 of the menstrual cycle, anti-müllerian hormone value (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) using a transvaginal ultrasound.
Although factors of female infertility can be classified as either acquired or genetic, female infertility is usually more or less a combination of nature and nurture. Also, the presence of any single risk factor of female infertility (such as smoking, mentioned further below) does not necessarily cause infertility, and even if a woman is definitely infertile, the infertility cannot definitely be blamed on any single risk factor even if the risk factor is (or has been) present.

Artificial insemination (AI) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are other popular female infertility treatments. Insemination is used in a variety of common situations, like when your partner’s sperm isn’t able to fertilize your egg. Artificial insemination is less expensive than other high-tech types of female infertility treatment, and the success rates are quite high.

Social stigma due to infertility is seen in many cultures throughout the world in varying forms. Often, when women cannot conceive, the blame is put on them, even when approximately 50% of infertility issues come from the man .[62] In addition, many societies only tend to value a woman if she is able to produce at least one child, and a marriage can be considered a failure when the couple cannot conceive.[62] The act of conceiving a child can be linked to the couple’s consummation of marriage, and reflect their social role in society.[63] This is seen in the "African infertility belt", where infertility is prevalent in Africa which includes countries spanning from Tanzania in the east to Gabon in the west.[62] In this region, infertility is highly stigmatized and can be considered a failure of the couple to their societies.[62][64] This is demonstrated in Uganda and Nigeria where there is a great pressure put on childbearing and its social implications.[63] This is also seen in some Muslim societies including Egypt [65] and Pakistan.[66]

Struggling with infertility can be a highly upsetting and personal experience. As the rates of infertility continue to climb, we must look for all-natural solutions when this natural process of fertility goes awry. The costs of traditional drug and surgery treatments for infertility are not only high financially, but they can take a physical toll down the road for both the parents and conceived child.

Chemotherapy poses a high risk of infertility. Chemotherapies with high risk of infertility include procarbazine and other alkylating drugs such as cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, busulfan, melphalan, chlorambucil and chlormethine.[19] Drugs with medium risk include doxorubicin and platinum analogs such as cisplatin and carboplatin.[19] On the other hand, therapies with low risk of gonadotoxicity include plant derivatives such as vincristine and vinblastine, antibiotics such as bleomycin and dactinomycin and antimetabolites such as methotrexate, mercaptopurine and 5-fluorouracil.[19]

Twelve percent of all infertility cases are a result of a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen,[13] in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.[9] Too little body fat causes insufficient production of estrogen and disruption of the menstrual cycle.[9] Both under and overweight women have irregular cycles in which ovulation does not occur or is inadequate.[9] Proper nutrition in early life is also a major factor for later fertility.[14]
There are so many factors that contribute to infertility. Fertility drugs, artificial hormones, etc. can solve the problem, but these solutions can also make them even worse and challenging. For couples, struggling with infertility can be agonizing. To decrease the risk of fertility, increase your chances of having a baby by the above home remedies.
A 2018 study published by JAMA Internal Medicine conducted a diet assessment analysis of 325 women who received fertility treatments. This diet assessment analyzed the concentrated amount of pesticide found on the fruits and vegetables the women ingested. The main outcome from this study highlighted that the women who received fertility treatments and ingested fruits and vegetables with higher concentrations of pesticides were 18 percent less likely to have successful clinical pregnancies and 26 less likely to have live births. (13)
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