Ovulation can be predicted by using an ovulation predictor kit and can be confirmed by a blood test to check the woman’s progesterone level on day 21 of her menstrual cycle. Although several tests exist to evaluate a woman’s ovarian function, no single test is a perfect predictor of fertility. The most commonly used markers of ovarian function include follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value on day 3 to 5 of the menstrual cycle, anti-müllerian hormone value (AMH), and antral follicle count (AFC) using a transvaginal ultrasound.
Intra-uterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, is the process of preparing and delivering sperm so that a highly concentrated amount of active motile sperm is placed directly through the cervix into the uterus. The current IUI pregnancy rate per treatment at UCSF Medical Center is 14 to 15 percent. It can be performed with or without fertility drugs for the female patient.
Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying (or six months if a woman is 35 or older). Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. About 10 percent of women (6.1 million) in the United States ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
RESOLVE: The National Infertility Associationexternal icon – RESOLVE is a national consumer organization that offers support for men and women dealing with infertility. Their purpose is to provide timely, compassionate support and information to people who are experiencing infertility and to increase awareness of infertility issues through public education and advocacy.
Infertility in men can be caused by different factors and is typically evaluated by a semen analysis. When a semen analysis is performed, the number of sperm (concentration), motility (movement), and morphology (shape) are assessed by a specialist. A slightly abnormal semen analysis does not mean that a man is necessarily infertile. Instead, a semen analysis helps determine if and how male factors are contributing to infertility.

Depending on your age or your fertility history, it may be time to consider female infertility treatment. Your fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist is educated in the latest research and patient care for female infertility treatment. The doctor can explain all the options available – from baby-boosting fertility pills or hormones to artificial insemination to high-tech assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization.


In approximately 50% of the cases of anovulation, the ovaries do not produce normal follicles inwhich the eggs can mature.  Ovulation is rare if the eggs are immature and the chance of fertilization becomes almost nonexistent.  Polycystic ovary syndrome, the most common disorder responsible for this problem, includes symptoms such as amenorrhoea, hirsutism, anovulation and infertility.  This syndrome is characterized by a reduced production of FSH, and normal or increased levels of LH, oestrogen and testosterone.  The current hypothesis is that the suppression of FSH associated with this condition causes only partial development of ovarian follicles, and follicular cysts can be detected in an ultrasound scan.  The affected ovary often becomes surrounded with a smooth white capsule and is double its normal size.  The increased level of oestrogen raises the risk of breast cancer.
Not delaying parenthood. Fertility does not ultimately cease before menopause, but it starts declining after age 27 and drops at a somewhat greater rate after age 35.[60] Women whose biological mothers had unusual or abnormal issues related to conceiving may be at particular risk for some conditions, such as premature menopause, that can be mitigated by not delaying parenthood.
For healthy couples in their 20s or early 30s, the chance that a woman will get pregnant is about 25 to 30 percent in any single menstrual cycle. This percentage starts to decline in a woman’s early 30s. By age 40, a woman’s chance of getting pregnant drops to less than 10 percent per menstrual cycle. A man’s fertility also declines with age, but not as predictably.
Our bodies are created to eat healthy and be active each and every day, but so many of us don’t even come close to this normal existence. If you want to become pregnant, it’s vital, yet often overlooked, to engage in regular exercise in order to get your hormones in proper order — or in other words balanced. From the release of the egg to the condition of the sperm and its ability to reach and fertilize the egg, hormones play a role in just about every process when it comes to conception.

Adequate sleep helps in settling down your hormones and reduces any hormonal imbalance. Sleep also promotes the production of serotonin and melatonin which improves fertility. Therefore, if you do not get enough sleep every day, it’s time to work on that. You may go to sleep a little early or just take a short nap during the day. Create a calming environment in your bedroom to have a sound sleep.


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Acute stress levels:Infertility tests and treatments are exhaustive. A woman often swings between hope and despair leading to acute stress levels. High stress also affects the ability to focus and remember things. Both emotional and physiological stress further hampers the body. Studies show that an infertile woman undergoes the same level of stress as that of an HIV or a cancer patient. Fertility drugs also cause forgetfulness.
Chasteberry is also a natural method for treating your infertility effectively. Chasteberry is one of berries coming from Greece and Italy. According to some research, chasteberry is useful for balancing hormone level in the body.As you know, infertility is due to a change in hormones. This herb works so well in treating infertility due to this reason. It is a key answer to combat against polycystic ovarian syndrome. In other words, the berry can treat a number of reproductive problem as well as menstrual issues.
When you are born, your ovaries contain hundreds of thousands of immature eggs. Your ovaries house these eggs in tiny follicles. When these eggs are released, you have a chance of becoming pregnant. Ovulation disorders, ovarian cysts and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can affect this process and prevent pregnancy. Fertility drugs, surgeries, and other fertility treatments may help. But what if these treatments fail? Women with abnormal ovulation may be able to get pregnant one day with help from an artificial ovary. This artificial ovary will house tiny eggs, taking them from the early follicular stage to maturity, helping women conceive.
Stinging nettle is also listed as one of the excellent home remedies for female infertility that you should pay attention to. The effectiveness of this ingredient in treating infertility has been recognized by a number of herbalists. This herb is full of essential minerals which are health for your body. In addition, it gives a big hand in reducing stress which is one of the causes for preventing you from being pregnant.
If any of these events does not happen or is disrupted, infertility will result. About 35% to 40% of infertility cases are due to female infertility, but male infertility is a factor in 40%. Therefore, before you have a lot of testing and treatment, your partner should have a semen analysis done to make sure his sperm is normal. Even if it is abnormal, many treatments are available.
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