The technique involves very precise maneuvers to pick a single live sperm and inject it directly into the center of a human egg. The procedure requires that the female partner undergo ovarian stimulation with fertility medications so several mature eggs develop. These eggs are suctioned through the vagina, using vaginal ultrasound, and incubated under precise conditions in the embryology lab.
Artificial insemination (AI) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are other popular female infertility treatments. Insemination is used in a variety of common situations, like when your partner’s sperm isn’t able to fertilize your egg. Artificial insemination is less expensive than other high-tech types of female infertility treatment, and the success rates are quite high.
Antisperm antibodies (ASA) have been considered as infertility cause in around 10–30% of infertile couples.[23] ASA production are directed against surface antigens on sperm, which can interfere with sperm motility and transport through the female reproductive tract, inhibiting capacitation and acrosome reaction, impaired fertilization, influence on the implantation process, and impaired growth and development of the embryo. Factors contributing to the formation of antisperm antibodies in women are disturbance of normal immunoregulatory mechanisms, infection, violation of the integrity of the mucous membranes, accidental rape and unprotected oral or anal sex.[23][24]
Laparoscopy. If you've been diagnosed with tubal or pelvic disease, one option is to get surgery to reconstruct your reproductive organs. Your doctor puts a laparoscope through a cut near your belly button to get rid of scar tissue, treat endometriosis, open blocked tubes, or remove ovarian cysts,  which are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries.
Improper function of the hypothalamus or pituitary glands. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain produce hormones that maintain normal testicular function. Production of too much prolactin, a hormone made by the pituitary gland (often due to the presence of a benign pituitary gland tumor), or other conditions that damage or impair the function of the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland may result in low or no sperm production.
Intra-uterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, is the process of preparing and delivering sperm so that a highly concentrated amount of active motile sperm is placed directly through the cervix into the uterus. The current IUI pregnancy rate per treatment at UCSF Medical Center is 14 to 15 percent. It can be performed with or without fertility drugs for the female patient.
Pomegranate improves the flow of blood to the uterus thereby thickening the uterine lining that supports a pregnancy. It also promotes the health and development of the fetus. Include pomegranate in your daily diet. Drinking pomegranate juice on a regular basis is known to be effective also. You may also mix powdered pomegranate seeds with an equal amount of powdered pomegranate bark and store it in a jar. Consume half a teaspoon of it added to 1 glass warm water every day for several weeks.
Twelve percent of all infertility cases are a result of a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen,[13] in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.[9] Too little body fat causes insufficient production of estrogen and disruption of the menstrual cycle.[9] Both under and overweight women have irregular cycles in which ovulation does not occur or is inadequate.[9] Proper nutrition in early life is also a major factor for later fertility.[14]
Some people can immediately feel the difference in their hormones (even though they may not know this is what it is) when they engage in exercise. The mood improves, they sleep better and they may even experience an increase in their sexual appetite. All of these changes occur with changes in hormones. For example, we often hear about the “feel good hormone” serotonin increasing with exercise.
Depending on your age or your fertility history, it may be time to consider female infertility treatment. Your fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist is educated in the latest research and patient care for female infertility treatment. The doctor can explain all the options available – from baby-boosting fertility pills or hormones to artificial insemination to high-tech assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization.
Previous ectopic pregnancy. A randomized study in 2013 came to the result that the rates of intrauterine pregnancy two years after treatment of ectopic pregnancy are approximately 64% with radical surgery, 67% with medication, and 70% with conservative surgery.[46] In comparison, the cumulative pregnancy rate of women under 40 years of age in the general population over two years is over 90%.[47]
A woman's fertility is affected by her age. The average age of a girl's first period (menarche) is 12–13 (12.5 years in the United States,[4] 12.72 in Canada,[5] 12.9 in the UK[6]), but, in postmenarchal girls, about 80% of the cycles are anovulatory in the first year after menarche, 50% in the third and 10% in the sixth year.[7] A woman's fertility peaks in the early and mid 20s, after which it starts to decline, with this decline being accelerated after age 35. However, the exact estimates of the chances of a woman to conceive after a certain age are not clear, with research giving differing results. The chances of a couple to successfully conceive at an advanced age depend on many factors, including the general health of a woman and the fertility of the male partner.
Women who never have pregnancies have an increased risk of ovarian tumors, so it may be related to the underlying problem rather than the treatment. Since success rates are typically higher in the first few treatment cycles, re-evaluating medication use every few months and concentrating on the treatments that have the most success appear to be appropriate.

Female infertility varies widely by geographic location around the world. In 2010, there was an estimated 48.5 million infertile couples worldwide, and from 1990 to 2010 there was little change in levels of infertility in most of the world.[2] In 2010, the countries with the lowest rates of female infertility included the South American countries of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia, as well as in Poland, Kenya, and Republic of Korea.[2] The highest rate regions included Eastern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, Oceania, and Sub-Saharan Africa.[2] The prevalence of primary infertility has increased since 1990, but secondary infertility has decreased overall. Rates decreased (although not prevalence) of female infertility in high-income, Central/Eastern Europe, and Central Asia regions.[2]


FAQ137: Designed as an aid to patients, this document sets forth current information and opinions related to women’s health. The information does not dictate an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed and should not be construed as excluding other acceptable methods of practice. Variations, taking into account the needs of the individual patient, resources, and limitations unique to the institution or type of practice, may be appropriate.


Tobacco smoking is harmful to the ovaries, and the degree of damage is dependent upon the amount and length of time a woman smokes or is exposed to a smoke-filled environment. Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in cigarettes interfere with the body’s ability to create estrogen, a hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium.[8] Some damage is irreversible, but stopping smoking can prevent further damage.[9][10] Smokers are 60% more likely to be infertile than non-smokers.[11] Smoking reduces the chances of IVF producing a live birth by 34% and increases the risk of an IVF pregnancy miscarrying by 30%.[11] Also, female smokers have an earlier onset of menopause by approximately 1–4 years.[12]
Radiation, such as in radiation therapy. The radiation dose to the ovaries that generally causes permanent female infertility is 20.3 Gy at birth, 18.4 Gy at 10 years, 16.5 Gy at 20 years and 14.3 Gy at 30 years.[32] After total body irradiation, recovery of gonadal function occurs in 10−14% of cases, and the number of pregnancies observed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation involving such as procedure is lower than 2%.[33][34]
There are a variety of baby-boosting medicines that you can take for female infertility treatment. Before prescribing these fertility pills, your doctor will determine if you are ovulating and whether your ovaries are producing follicles. Using a variety of different tests, your doctor will check to see if your uterine lining is functioning normally and whether your luteal phases are normal, among other things.
Another easy remedy to deal with hormonal imbalance and infertility is ashwagandha. Also known as Indian ginseng, this herb has been used in Ayurveda for ages to treat infertility problems in a natural way. It settles down your hormones and helps you to conceive. Pour warm water into a glass and add a tablespoon of powdered ashwagandha in it. Mix well and consume it two times a day. However, you should consult a doctor before using it to know the possible side effects.
Acute stress levels:Infertility tests and treatments are exhaustive. A woman often swings between hope and despair leading to acute stress levels. High stress also affects the ability to focus and remember things. Both emotional and physiological stress further hampers the body. Studies show that an infertile woman undergoes the same level of stress as that of an HIV or a cancer patient. Fertility drugs also cause forgetfulness.
Research has shown that stress has a direct impact on a woman’s risk for infertility. One study measured the levels of an enzyme linked with stress in the saliva of women who were trying to get pregnant over a one-year time span. The enzyme is alpha-amylase, an enzyme that helps the body digest carbohydrates that’s also linked to the fight-or-flight stress response.
Fennel seeds have a high medicinal value which makes it a great remedy for numerous ailments. It is also useful in improving fertility, especially in heavy-set women. Furthermore, fennel supports conception and helps in maintaining it. All you have to do is take 6 grams of powdered fennel seeds and mix it with 12 grams of butter. Consume this mixture every day for at least 3 months to see positive results.

Twelve percent of all infertility cases are a result of a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen,[13] in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.[9] Too little body fat causes insufficient production of estrogen and disruption of the menstrual cycle.[9] Both under and overweight women have irregular cycles in which ovulation does not occur or is inadequate.[9] Proper nutrition in early life is also a major factor for later fertility.[14]


Rock salt is the next natural ingredient that you can use if you unluckily suffer from infertility. Another name of rock salt is “sendha namak” which is the pure salt. It accounts for a large number of essential minerals that our body needs, such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, etc. As a result, it brings a number of health benefits, such as improving digestive system, stabilizing blood pressure, boosting the immune system, etc.The salt is useful for keeping your uterus in a healthy condition as well as treating menstrual irregular conditions. Additionally, it is a key answer to reduce your stress.
A septate uterus is the most common of the inborn uterine malformations. A septate uterus contains a uterine septum. This septum acts like a wall that separates the uterus in two (similar to a nasal septum). This wall can impede pregnancy and cause recurrent miscarriages. A surgery called hysteroscopy may help, reducing miscarriage rates and leading to a healthy pregnancy.
Cinnamon is one of the best remedies for dealing with infertility in women. It not only improves ovarian functioning but also combats other conditions that lead to infertility, such as Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis and uterine fibroids. Cinnamon also regulates the menstrual cycle and improves your fertility in a simple and easy way. For this remedy, take a cup of hot water and add a teaspoon of powdered cinnamon to it. Mix well and drink this solution once every day.
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