Foods rich in folate: Folate or folic acid is a B vitamin that helps the body build new cells and prevents birth defects. Experts recommend increasing folate intake before getting pregnant to ensure a healthy pregnancy. Most women are encouraged to take a prenatal vitamin with folic acid to ensure that they get the recommended 400 to 800 micrograms daily. Foods naturally rich in folate include green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, beans and wheat germ.
Tobacco smoking is harmful to the ovaries, and the degree of damage is dependent upon the amount and length of time a woman smokes or is exposed to a smoke-filled environment. Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in cigarettes interfere with the body’s ability to create estrogen, a hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesis, uterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium. Some damage is irreversible, but stopping smoking can prevent further damage. Smokers are 60% more likely to be infertile than non-smokers. Smoking reduces the chances of IVF producing a live birth by 34% and increases the risk of an IVF pregnancy miscarrying by 30%. Also, female smokers have an earlier onset of menopause by approximately 1–4 years.
If you are like many women today, you may be seeking female infertility treatment after years of trying to conceive. Or you may be waiting to start your family. That’s why the statistics of those undergoing female infertility treatments is higher than ever before. By the mid-30s, many women have struggles trying to conceive. Even with female infertility treatment, older women may have more difficulty getting pregnant than younger women.
Male infertility may be treated with medical, surgical, or assisted reproductive therapies depending on the underlying cause. Medical and surgical therapies are usually managed by an urologist who specializes in infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist may offer intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help overcome male factor infertility.
A few yoga postures that help promote fertility include Nadi Shodhan Pranayama (Alternate Nostril Breathing), Bhramari Pranayama (Bee Breath), Paschimottanasana (Seated Forward Bend), Hastapadasana (Standing Forward Bend), Janu Sirasana (Head-to-Knee Pose), Badha Konasana (Butterfly Pose), Viparita Karani (Legs-up-the-Wall Pose) and Yoga Nidra (Yogic Sleep).
Pomegranate improves the flow of blood to the uterus thereby thickening the uterine lining that supports a pregnancy. It also promotes the health and development of the fetus. Include pomegranate in your daily diet. Drinking pomegranate juice on a regular basis is known to be effective also. You may also mix powdered pomegranate seeds with an equal amount of powdered pomegranate bark and store it in a jar. Consume half a teaspoon of it added to 1 glass warm water every day for several weeks.
Women may also sleep with other men in hopes of becoming pregnant. This can be done for many reasons including advice from a traditional healer, or finding if another man was "more compatible". In many cases, the husband was not aware of the extra sexual relations and would not be informed if a woman became pregnant by another man. This is not as culturally acceptable however, and can contribute to the gendered suffering of women who have fewer options to become pregnant on their own as opposed to men.
If any of these events does not happen or is disrupted, infertility will result. About 35% to 40% of infertility cases are due to female infertility, but male infertility is a factor in 40%. Therefore, before you have a lot of testing and treatment, your partner should have a semen analysis done to make sure his sperm is normal. Even if it is abnormal, many treatments are available.
Oral drugs used to stimulate ovulation include clomiphene citrate and aromatase inhibitors. While taking these drugs, you will be monitored to see if and when ovulation occurs. This can be done by tracking your menstrual cycle or with an ovulation-predictor kit (an at-home urine test). You may be asked to visit your doctor for a blood test or ultrasound exam.